and Fauna in Uluru Kata Juta National Park
Anangu acknowledge that a decrease in the number has
implications for the condition and health of the landscape.
Moves are supported for the reintroduction of locally
extinct animals such as Malleefowl, Common Brushtail
Possum, Rufous Hare-wallaby or Mala, Bilby, Burrowing
Bettong and the Black-flanked Rock-wallaby.
The Mulgara, the only mammal listed as vulnerable,
is mostly restricted to the transitional sand plain
area, a narrow band of country that stretches from the
vicinity of Uluru to the Northern boundary of the park
and into Ayers Rock Resort. This area also contains
the marsupial mole, Woma Python and Great Desert Skink.
The bat population of the park comprises at least seven
species that depend on day roosting sites within caves
and crevices of Uluru and Kata Tjuta. Most of the bats
forage for aerial prey within 100 m (330 ft) or so from
the rock face.
The park has a very rich reptile fauna of high conservation
significance with 73 species having been reliably recorded.
Four species of frog are abundant at the base of Uluru
and Kata Tjuta following summer rains.
The Great Desert Skink is listed as vulnerable. Anangu
continue to hunt and gather animal species in remote
areas of the park and on angu land elsewhere.
Hunting is largely confined to the Red Kangaroo, Bush
Turkey, Emu and lizards such as the Sand Goanna and
Perentie. Of the 27 mammal species found in the park,
six are introduced: the House Mouse, camel, fox, cat,
dog and rabbit. These species are distributed throughout
the park but their densities are greatest in the rich
water run-off areas of Uluru and Kata Tjuta. Uluru -
Kata Tjuta National Park flora represents a large portion
of plants found in Central Australia.
A number of these species are considered rare and
restricted in the park or the immediate region. There
are many rare and endemic plants at Uluru and Kata Tjuta.
The growth and reproduction of plant communities rely
on irregular rainfall. Some plants are able to survive
fire and some are dependent on it to reproduce.
Plants are an important part of Tjukurpa, and there
are ceremonies for each of the major plant foods. Many
plants are associated with ancestral beings.
Trees such as the Mulga and Centralian Bloodwood are
used to make tools such as spearheads, boomerangs and
bowls. The red sap of the bloodwood is used as a disinfectant
and an inhalant for coughs and colds. There are several
rare and endangered species in the park. Most of them,
Tongue ferns, are restricted to the moist areas at
the base of the formation, which are areas of high visitor
use and subject to erosion. Since the first Europeans
arrived, 34 exotic plant species have been recorded
in the park, representing about 6.4% of the total park
Some, such as perennial buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris),
were introduced to rehabilitate areas damaged by erosion.
It is the most threatening weed in the park and has
spread to invade water- and nutrient-rich drainage lines.
A few others, such as burrgrass, were brought in accidentally,
carried on cars and people.